Biology

BIOL A106 Cells and Heredity
3.00 crs.

This course emphasizes the principles and concepts of chemical, cellular, and genetic processes common to all life. Topics include the scientific method, basic chemical concepts, macromolecules, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure, membrane structure, energy and metabolism, meiosis, mitosis, Mendelian inheritance, and the Central Dogma.
 

Eligibility to enroll in MATH A257 Calculus I or completion of MATH A257
BIOL A107 Cells and Heredity Lab
1.00 crs.

Students investigate the scientific method, basic chemical concepts, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure and function, Mendelian inheritance, and the structure, function, and technological uses of DNA.  This laboratory course emphasizes student-designed experiments, data collection and analysis, oral and written presentation, and the use of the scientific literature.  Lab fee $100.

Eligibility to enroll in MATH A257 Calculus I
BIOL A108 Biology of Organisms
3.00 crs.

This course compares the functional biology of microbes, plants, and animals focusing on morphology, physiology, reproduction, development and natural history.

 

or permission of the Department Chair, Grade of C- or better in listed prerequisites
BIOL A108 Biology of Organisms
3.00 crs.

This course compares the functional biology of microbes, plants, and animals focusing on morphology, physiology, reproduction, development and natural history.

 

or permission of the Department Chair, Grade of C- or better in listed prerequisites
BIOL A109 Biology of Organisms Lab
1.00 crs.

This course examines the diversity of life through field trips, demonstrations, dissections, and experimental activities. Form and function of microbes, plants, and animals are compared to demonstrate how organisms have adapted to their environments. Lab fee $100.
 

or permission of the Department Chair, Grade of C- or better in listed prerequisites
Corequisites:
BIOL A109 Biology of Organisms Lab
1.00 crs.

This course examines the diversity of life through field trips, demonstrations, dissections, and experimental activities. Form and function of microbes, plants, and animals are compared to demonstrate how organisms have adapted to their environments. Lab fee $100.
 

or permission of the Department Chair, Grade of C- or better in listed prerequisites
Corequisites:
BIOL A208 Ecology and Evolution
3.00 crs.

This course introduces current concepts and principles of ecology and evolution. Students examine animal behavior, populations, communities, ecosystems, biogeography, natural selection, speciation, the history of life, human evolution, and other topics through lectures, readings, discussion, and a field trip.

BIOL A208 Ecology and Evolution
3.00 crs.

This course introduces current concepts and principles of ecology and evolution. Students examine animal behavior, populations, communities, ecosystems, biogeography, natural selection, speciation, the history of life, human evolution, and other topics through lectures, readings, discussion, and a field trip.

BIOL A208 Ecology and Evolution
3.00 crs.

This course introduces current concepts and principles of ecology and evolution. Students examine animal behavior, populations, communities, ecosystems, biogeography, natural selection, speciation, the history of life, human evolution, and other topics through lectures, readings, discussion, and a field trip.

BIOL A208 Ecology and Evolution
3.00 crs.

This course introduces current concepts and principles of ecology and evolution. Students examine animal behavior, populations, communities, ecosystems, biogeography, natural selection, speciation, the history of life, human evolution, and other topics through lectures, readings, discussion, and a field trip.

BIOL A300 Microbiology
3.00 crs.

This course examines the structure, function, metabolism, ecology, and pathogenesis of viruses, arachaea, bacteria and eukaryotic microbes.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A301 Microbiology Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A300 and provides students with skills needed to isolate, identify and study the form and function of microorganisms.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A303 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
3.00 crs.

This course uses lectures, readings, demonstrations, and discussions to compare the diversity, form and function of vertebrates.

Biology core courses
BIOL A304 Comparative Anatomy–Vertebrate Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets four hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A303 and provides students with skills needed to dissect, analyze and compare anatomical adaptations in major groups of vertebrates.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
BIOL A305 Histology
2.00 crs.

The study of the microscopic structure of tissues and organs of the mammalian body and the study of the fundamentals of hematology are the focus of this course. 

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A306 Histology Lab
2.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets four hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A305.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A308 Developmental Biology
3.00 crs.

Events and mechanisms of developmental genetics, gametogenesis, fertilization, morphogenesis, and organogenesis in selected vertebrates and invertebrates are examined. The laboratory includes experimental approaches to the study of development.

Biology core courses
BIOL A309 Developmental Biology Lab
1.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A308.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A314 Anatomy and Physiology I
3.00 crs.

In this course, students learn about the principles of anatomy and physiology, part I: This includes the study of the anatomy of the human body and how different organ systems work both individually and together in humans. The organ systems of focus are the integumentary, skeletal, muscle, and nervous organ systems. Also considered is how disruptions in normal function cause disease, and how the human body is (or is not) able to return to homeostasis.

Biology core courses
BIOL A315 Anatomy and Physiology I Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A314 and provides students with skills needed to examine both normal and pathological form and function of the human body at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels. The focus will be on human skeletal, muscle, nervous, heart & circulatory, blood, respiratory, urinary, vision and auditory systems. Lab fee $50.

Biology core courses
BIOL A316 Anatomy and Physiology II
3.00 crs.

In this course, students learn about the principles of anatomy and physiology, part II: This includes the study of the anatomy of the human body and how different organ systems work both individually and together in humans. The organ systems of focus are endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, lymphatic, urinary, and reproductive organ systems. Also considered is how disruptions in normal function cause disease, and how the human body is (or is not) able to return to homeostasis.

Biology core courses
BIOL A317 Anatomy and Physiology II Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A316 and provides students with skills needed to examine normal form and function of the domestic cat body at the tissue, organ, and organ system levels. The focus will be on cat muscle, digestive, heart & circulatory, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive systems. Lab fee $50.

Biology core courses
BIOL A320 Entomology
3.00 crs.

This course explores the diversity of insects, their structural adaptations, evolution, classification, life histories and habits, and their economic importance. An extensive insect collection is the focus of the experiential learning process with an emphasis on the natural history of the group. 

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A321 Entomology Lab
1.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets in conjunction with BIOL A320.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A326 Molecular Genetics
3.00 crs.

Fundamentals of molecular genetics such as transcription, DNA synthesis and repair, and RNA processing are discussed. Through review and discussion of scientific literature and laboratory experience, students learn the process of scientific investigation, recent findings and new technologies in the field of molecular genetics.

Biology core courses
BIOL A327 Molecular Genetics Lab
1.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A326.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A328 Genetic Analysis
3.00 crs.

This course addresses advanced topics in transmission genetics, cytogenetics, evolutionary genetics and mutagenesis. Emphasis is placed on development of quantitative skills and written and oral communication.

Biology core courses
BIOL A330 Ecology
3.00 crs.

This course examines basic ecological principles and concepts including the nature of the ecosystem, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, and the ecology of populations and communities.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A331 Ecology Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets four to five hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A330 and provides students with skills needed to quantify ecological interactions of plants and animals.  This course requires student participation in multiple field trips.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A334 Biology of Fishes
3.00 crs.

This course examines phylogenetic relationships, functional morphology, physiology, sensory biology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, biogeography, and conservation of fishes.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A335 Biology of Fishes Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A334 and provides students with skills needed to understand phylogeny, form, function and natural history of fishes.  This course requires student participation in multiple fieldtrips.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A336 Animal Behavior
3.00 crs.

This course examines behavioral adaptations of animals and critically evaluates hypotheses to account for the evolution of these adaptations. Student activities emphasize field observation of animal behavior, experimental design, and scientific communication.

Biology core courses
BIOL A338 Plant Ecology
3.00 crs.

An introduction to the quantitative study of plants and their environment.  Emphasis is placed on understanding the functional ecology of individual plants and vegetation in terrestrial ecosystems.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A339 Plant Ecology Lab
1.00 crs.

This laboratory course accompanying BIOL A338 and exposes students to modern field and laboratory techniques in plant physiological ecology.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A341 Plant Science
3.00 crs.

An introduction to applied botany emphasizing the biology and utilization of cultivated plants. The lecture
will examine the structure and function of plants and explore the relationships between plants, people,
agriculture, and the environment. The laboratory will emphasize economic botany and introduce students to
basic horticultural techniques in the context of independent research projects.

BIOL A342 Plant Science Lab
1.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A341.  Lab fee $100.

Corequisites:
BIOL A345 Herpetology
3.00 crs.

This course is an introduction to the study of morphology, adaptation, classification, distribution, and ecology of amphibians and reptiles. Students participate in field work and identification of North American groups and field studies of local fauna. 

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A346 Herpetology Lab
1.00 crs.

Field and laboratory experience that meets six hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A345.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A347 Parasitology
3.00 crs.

This course emphasizes parasites of public health concern, and includes review of recent studies using current technologies. Major conceptual themes also include: Evolutionary relationships, virulence, origins of a parasitic life, life histories, manipulation of hosts, host immune responses, and consequences for host. 

Biology core courses
BIOL A355 Conservation Biology
3.00 crs.

The study of the conservation of biodiversity based in the principles of ecology, evolution, and genetics. The primary goal of this course is to understand natural ecological systems in the context of a human dominated world to learn to best maintain biological diversity in concert with an exploding human population. This is accomplished through lecture, socratic discussion, and videos.

Biology core courses
BIOL A356 Aquatic Microbiology
3.00 crs.

An introduction to the study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes as well as viruses in the aquatic environment. The course emphasizes the functional role of microbes in aquatic habitats, the relationship of microbial biodiversity to environmental gradients and the interaction of aquatic microbes with human affairs.

Biology core courses
BIOL A357 Aquatic Microbiology Lab
1.00 crs.

Field and laboratory experience that meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A356. Students are exposed to modern field and laboratory techniques used with prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes from aquatic habitats. Field trips emphasize local freshwater and estuarine environments.  Lab fee $100.

 

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A360 Cell Biology
3.00 crs.

An analysis of cell structure and function. Topics covered in the course include protein synthesis, the nucleus, cytoplasmic organelles and bioenergetics, endomembrane systems, vesicular transport, the cytoskeleton, cell signaling, cell cycle control, and cancer.

Biology core courses
BIOL A361 Cell Biology Lab
1.00 crs.

Laboratory experience that meets three hours per week in conjunction with BIOL A360.  Lab fee $100.

Biology core courses
Corequisites:
BIOL A363 Virology
3.00 crs.

Virology actively engages students in the studies and principles of human and animal molecular virology. Topics include replication, methods of diagnosis and detection, epidemiology, current use of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, persistent infections, emerging viruses and use of scientific literature. 

BIOL A363 Virology
3.00 crs.

Virology actively engages students in the studies and principles of human and animal molecular virology. Topics include replication, methods of diagnosis and detection, epidemiology, current use of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, persistent infections, emerging viruses and use of scientific literature. 

BIOL A363 Virology
3.00 crs.

Virology actively engages students in the studies and principles of human and animal molecular virology. Topics include replication, methods of diagnosis and detection, epidemiology, current use of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, persistent infections, emerging viruses and use of scientific literature. 

BIOL A363 Virology
3.00 crs.

Virology actively engages students in the studies and principles of human and animal molecular virology. Topics include replication, methods of diagnosis and detection, epidemiology, current use of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, persistent infections, emerging viruses and use of scientific literature. 

BIOL A365 Immunology
3.00 crs.

This course explores the field of experimental cellular and molecular immunology. Topics include organization of the immune system, structure and function of antigen recognition molecules, immune cell interactions, and regulation of the immune system and immunity-related diseases.  Clinical immunology is not emphasized.

Biology core courses
BIOL A400 Research Proposal
1.00 crs.

Students work with a faculty research adviser to identify an original question in the biological sciences and develop and write a proposal/prospectus to investigate this question. This course is required of all biology honors students and students intending to complete a thesis in biological sciences.

Biology core courses
BIOL A402 Research Thesis
1.00 crs.

Students work with a faculty research adviser to prepare a written thesis describing their original research and make an oral presentation at the undergraduate research symposium. This course is required of all biology honors students and students intending to complete a thesis in biological sciences.


Corequisite: BIOL A401

BIOL A405 Biochemistry I
3.00 crs.

This course is a detailed study of the structure and function of the major classes of biological macromolecules: Proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and sugars. Physical, chemical, experimental, and mechanistic aspects of macromolecules and their behavior are emphasized based on an understanding of the underlying principles of bonding, equilibria, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Topics covered include protein structure and folding, experimental methods used to characterize and manipulate proteins and DNA, allostery and other types of regulation, molecular disease, enzyme mechanism and inhibition, and membranes. This course is cross-listed with CHEM-A400: Students only receive credit for successfully completing the first instance of the course/s.

BIOL A491 Biology ETS Exam
0.00 crs.

Exit exam for Biological Sciences majors. 

BIOL A499 Independent Study
1.00 crs., 3.00 crs.

Independent work done under professorial supervision. 

BIOL H295 Honors Seminar
3.00 crs.

This course examines an in-depth topic in biology--content varies.

University Honors Program, or permission of instructor
BIOL T121 Bioinquiry - First-Year Seminar
3.00 crs.

Foundation Courses: First-Year Seminar

All first-year students take a 3-credit First-Year Seminar (FYS) during their first semester as part of the Loyola Core. BioInquiry is required for all first-year biology majors, but is also open to students in other majors who are interested in this topic. This course aims to engage students in the process of scientific inquiry while providing a framework for academic success at Loyola. Students will gain proficiency in experimental design, quantitative reasoning, scientific communication, and collaboration skills. Contemporary research questions will span cellular and molecular biology, physiology, organismal biology, ecology, and evolution. Each section of this course explores a unique theme that will instill an awareness of the interdisciplinary nature of biology and its relationship to societal issues. There is a lab fee associated with this course.

BIOL Y205 Topics in Biogeography
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course involves the study of distribution of life across our planet, past and present.  A tour of the world’s biomes is explored with emphasis on ecological, environmental, and economic issues, such as destruction of tropical rainforests, the effect of climate change on the arctic polar bears, and the loss of the American chestnut tree.  Special topics include animal migration, invasive species, extinction, climate change, the Dust Bowl, the story of the American bison, and the disappearing coral reefs.

BIOL Y210 Biology Through Art
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course covers the scientific method, and the basics of experiment design. This course integrates biology and art through the creation of artworks. Students view microorganisms, see examples of using DNA as an artistic medium, and see anatomy as art. The course culminates in students creating their own biological self-portrait. With biotechnology becoming a greater part of our daily lives, there seems to be a movement in the art world to integrate art and science.

BIOL Y230 Human Ecology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course is a study of the ‘human condition’ with a focus on ecology and evolutionary biology. The course explores the thesis that humans have caused an ecological crisis that is manifested in the principal topics of climate change, biodiversity loss, habitat destruction, and overpopulation.

BIOL Y236 Evolution
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

Evolution is the unifying concept in biology and this course uses lectures, readings, discussions, and exercises to explore the processes, mechanisms, and patterns of biological evolution. Human evolution and the impact of humans on biodiversity and ecosystems are examined in detail.

BIOL Y237 Marine Biology & Conservation
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course examines diversity, physiology, ecology, and conservation of microbes, plants, and animals that live in the marine environment. Emphasis is placed on how marine organisms have adapted to living in their environment and how humans depend upon and affect marine ecosystems.

BIOL Y238 Genetics & Society
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course addresses applications of genetics in modern society, and considers controversies surrounding contemporary issues, such as genetic manipulation. Topics covered include genetic engineering, medical applications, and co-evolution of humans and other organisms.

BIOL Y240 Plant Natural History
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course explores the world of microscopic and macroscopic plants, with special emphasis on their anatomy, reproduction, nutrition, biological diversity, and cultural and economic importance.

BIOL Y244 Mississippi River Delta Ecology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course is a study of the ecology of the Mississippi River deltaic plain. Emphasis is placed on the importance of coastal erosion, accompanied by study of the physical and biological aspects of the Mississippi River, its delta, estuaries, and their habitats and flora and fauna, and relevant environmental and human issues.

BIOL Y250 Tropical Ecology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course examines biology, ecology, and conservation of flora and fauna of tropical ecosystems.

BIOL Y251 Tropical Ecology Fieldtrip
1.00 crs.

This laboratory is a required study-abroad field-trip to a country such as Belize, Ecuador, or Panama to experience first-hand the unique natural history and unparalleled biodiversity of tropical ecosystems. 

Corequisites:
BIOL Y260 Human Biology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course provides an overview of structure and function of the human body with special emphasis on understanding how the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, excretory, muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, immune, and reproductive systems work together to maintain homeostasis and the interrelatedness of health, wellness, and the environment.

BIOL Y262 Human Sociobiology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course examines the evolutionary basis of human social behavior.

BIOL Y264 Global Ecology
3.00 crs.

Knowledge-Values Courses: Natural Science in Context

This course examines the basic concepts of ecology, including the nature of ecosystems, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, and characteristics of populations and communities of organisms. The role of humans in the ecosphere is emphasized, with particular attention to human population problems, food production, and pollution problems.